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Ni-Cd Ni-MH .

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Ni-Cd Ni-MH . 45 3 , , , , , . - .

(0,5 , - ) 75...80%- , Ni-MH , Ni-Cd [1]. [1], , . - +45 [2]. : , , .

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- . , . 80 % . , , .

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I :

 I = I0(-t/T0), (1)
t - ; I0 - ; 0 - .

q,

 q = I00[1 - (-t/0)] = (I0 - I)T0. (2)

I q t . 1.

    Ni-Cd  Ni-MH .  I  q   t
. 1. I q t

, 30 0,95I0T0 I00.

  I0 0

 I0 = n, 0 = 1 /n, n = 1, 2, 3, 4. (3)

n = 1. , - 3 . ( , ). , . n = 2 1,5 2. Ni-Cd Ni-MH . 3 1 , 3. , n = 4 45 , 4. n, 3 4, Ni-Cd , ( 0,1 ). Ni-MH , , , . n 4 . I0 5% , (3). 3 /n, 5%- .

. 2.

    Ni-Cd  Ni-MH
. 2.

1, U0, 1 Rin i. Iin

Iin = U0exp(-t/RinC1)/Rin. (4)

I = iIin GB1:

 I = iU0(-t/Rin1)/Rin = SU0 exp(-t/Rin1), (5)
S = Ki/Rin - , . (2) (5),
 T0 = RinC1, I0 = KiU0/Rin = SU0. (6)

U0 = 1 , 1 = 1000 , (3) , Rin = 3,6 /n

 S = n, i = SRin = 3600000E. (7)

, = 1 n = 1 : Rin = 3,6 , S = 1 /, i = 3600000 = 131 .

. 3. DA2.1 VT2 VT3. DA1. VT1 . , , 1 , 1.1 , HL1 , . SA1 : ( ) ( ). R2 R3 . R3 . "" R1 1.1 . VT2, VT3 , R11 R5 . Ki = R5/R11 107, S = 1/R11 = 3 /.

    Ni-Cd  Ni-MH .
. 3.

"" ( SA1 ) 2 1000 R5 , (3). DA2.1 VT2, VT3 , 1 (""). VD2 . 1 . 5 . R4, R8-R10 - . VT2 , , R11 VT3, .

VT1 1.1, 2. HL1 , . VT1 , 1 1.1 , . HL1 , . SB1 . 4 .

310x130x180 . . , . . , , 500 . , , , , . 1 , , .

VT3 600 2, VD2 - 50 2. R11 -1 1 . 3 2, .

14464 (DA2) 14461 , , . [8] ( ). , , .

1157601 (DA1) , 1157602, "" [9].

VT1 - 501, VT2 h21 100. 853 (VT3) , h21 1000. VT2, VT3 , 100000.

2, 0, , , 0 R5. Jamicon ( 25 ).

1 - EDR2H1A0500 5 10 . - -1 ( 4. 362.900).

1 ( 4200 3 ). FU1 - MF-R300 BOURNS [10].

0, (3). R5 Rin (7), , 2 1000 . . , , , R3 ( ) SA1 ( 2). , R3, I0 1 . SA1 "". 1 ( 0) I1. R5* R5* = R5[ln(I0/I1)]. R5 , .

1...1.1 , [2]. , (0...+30 [2]). , , , R3 ( ) , a SA1 - "". , , , R3 I0 (3). SA1 "", 30 .

8 24 , . . 2 4 ( ).

, . . . , . , .

  1. (" "). - , 1998, 1, . 48, 49.
  2. battery-index.com
  3. - (" "). - , 1996, 7, . 48,49.
  4. . . - , 1995, 9, . 52, 53.
  5. . Ni-Cd . - , 1997, 1, . 44-46.
  6. . . - , 1995, 8, . 42, 43.
  7. . . - , 1993, 2, . 12, 13.
  8. . . - , 1995, 8, . 46.
  9. . . - , 1999, 2, . 69-71.
  10. MULTIFUSE BOURNS. - , 2000, 11, c. 49-51.

: ., . ; : cxem.net

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